Today when we think of Information Technology (IT) our minds drift towards the tech industry and its myriad devices for detection, management and the eradication of harmful elements.
However it hasn’t always been that way, as a true definition of IT—the storing of information—dates back to 3000 B.C. and can be divided into four distinct eras.
Long before machines, there was information technology. During this era—which lasted approximately between 3000 B.C. and 1450 A.D.—communication started off in its infancy and segued from the invention of the written word to the advent of the abacus.
Rise of the Machines
This marked the dawn of the “information explosion.” Once Gutenberg invented the printing process in 1450, everything else quickly fell into place. In fact, this era would see the first computers—though not in the modern sense; think more “computation” or the input of data via a recordable means.
Punch cards were being used to record hours worked; and this introduced the realm of binary logic as well as the concept of a fixed program capable of performing in real time.
IT becomes electric
Once electricity came into the foray, it brought with it the beginnings of Telecommunication. During this period, the telephone, radio, and telegraph became reality. The ability to harness electricity would have a profound effect on IT’s evolution.
The Electronic age of Information Technology began in the pre-WWII 1940s. Once the electronic vacuum tube was used, it ushered in the possibility of digital computing, which can be summarized in four distinct phases:
Phase 1 – Punch cards used for the input (and externally store) of data, and programs are written in both machine and assembly language.
Phase 2 – Transistors replace the vacuum tube thanks to the implementation of semiconductors composed of crystalline mineral materials
Phase 3 – Integrated circuits replace transistors. Punch cards phased out by as magnetic tape and discs became storage devices. Programming languages become more advanced with the rise of BASIC.
Phase 4 – Data can be stored on a single chip, thus the personal computer became a reality. Integrated circuits become large-scale and language advances still further; IBM PC was introduced in ’81, and the Apple Macintosh quickly followed (’84).
EzFIM can protect your company’s Information
The IT Evolution is far from complete, and just as the manner of data collection has changed, so has the need to protect the information that is stored. This is where EzFIM can help your business. EzFIM offers low-cost file integrity monitoring solutions that can fit into even the tightest of budgets.
Call an EzFIM Tech expert today—855.393.4666—to learn more about protecting your clients’ sensitive data.